Household appliances are essential in the modern home and used for specific functions like cooking, washing clothes, keeping food and drinks fresh. Most household appliances are powered by electricity, although some, like gas stoves, use butane gas for cooking food.
Household appliances were invented to provide convenience for working people to concentrate on other essential things when they arrive home. Appliances like the washing machine, clothes drier, and vacuum cleaner significantly reduced household work time.
History of Home appliance
Many ancient civilizations have used many appliances for centuries; these devices have helped them in some of their household chores. But it was an American innovation that created the first modern self-contained electric or gas-powered appliance.
Appliances were created to address a widespread need during that era which is the slow disappearance of full-time domestic servants.
People needed to find a way to lessen household work to have more time for rest and do recreational activities. This need lead to the invention of water heaters, refrigerators, washing machines, and sewing machines in the early 1900s. Earl Richardson’s design of the small electric clothes iron gave the home appliance industry a significant boost.
World War 2 put an end to the great depression of the 1930s and started economic expansion. With rapid industrialization, people began working in factories and wanted more convenience when they arrive home. This shift for convenience led to the popularity of dishwashers and clothes dryers.
What comes under white goods?
White goods are also known as large domestic appliance or significant appliance. Aside from their bigger size, white goods also consume more energy compared to small appliances.
Types of White Goods
The term “White goods” is taken from the white enamel colours of earlier major appliances models. White goods can be divided into four categories based on their use.
- Cooking appliances – are whitegoods used for preparing and processing food. They process raw material such as meat and vegetables and turn them into a delicious meal. They include a gas range, kitchen stove, cooking plate, gas or electric oven or a cooktop.
- Refrigeration appliances – are white good used for cooling and preserving food, meat, vegetables, fish, ready to eat meals and other produce. They include refrigerators, water coolers and freezers. They revolutionized the food industry by allowing more extended storage of consumable goods.
- Washing and Drying appliances – are white goods use for cleaning dishes washing, and drying clothes. They relived many households the hard and heavy work of manually washing dishes and clothes, saving them precious time. They include appliances like dishwashers, drying cabinet, washing machine and clothes dryer. Families would spend their precious free time doing other essential tasks and have a much-needed rest after work.
- Heating and cooling appliances – are white goods used to control indoor temperature, either cool the house during the summer and bring warmth to the home during cold winter days. They provide a safe way of heating the house without the risk of fires caused by using an open flame.
They include appliances like Aircontionerm water heater and house heater. Families could control the temperature by using the various features available in the heating and cooling device. The electric heater’s invention revolutionized how families spend winter and do not need to look for firewood to heat their homes during the winter.
Modern White goods are now more energy efficient compared to their predecessors. Newer models use new technologies such as inverters to cut energy consumption drastically. Some appliances even have low-energy modes, which lessen power consumption.